German Grade Calculator & German Grading System [2023]

German grade calculator or a German GPA calculator performs an essential role in the German grading system, especially if you don’t live in Germany but want to study in Germany. 

It basically converts the internationally used or foreign graded scores into the grades that are applicable within Germany.

German Grade Calculator

If you reside in a foreign country and want to study in Germany, then you would first need to convert your grades into German grades using the German grade converter

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Formula: (Nmax – Nd / Nmax – Nmin)*3 + 1

Then compare them with the standard merits of universities in Germany to see whether you are eligible to get admission to German educational institutions.

The German grade conversion system is very different from the internationally used grading and scoring systems. Probably that is why most students get confused and end up getting their applications rejected. Therefore, before applying for any German institution, all EU (who do not reside in Germany) and non-EU students need to convert their marks or GPA into German-accepted ones.

Use our German grading calculator to know whether you will be able to hit the merit at German institutions. Our calculator converts your GPA or CGPA to German GPA without making you go through lengthy calculations. With our calculator, you will get to have your converted grades within seconds.

But before heading towards our ‘GPA or CGPA to German grade calculator,’ it is crucial for you to understand the German grading scale and German grading system.

How is GPA Calculated in Germany?

The German grading system uses ‘Bavarian Formula,’ which scales from 1.0-5.0. It does not work like GPA, where higher points would symbolize greater grades. It is exactly the opposite of the traditionally used GPA system. Below we have decoded the German grades meaning that can help you understand the German grading system.

  • 1.0-1.5 = “Sehr gut” which translates for exceptional performance.
  • 1.6-2.5 = “gut” which translates to good performance.
  • 2.6-3.5 = “befriedigend” which translates for satisfactory or average performance.
  • 2.6-4.0 = “ausreichend” which translates for barely met or sufficient performance.
  • 5.0 or above = “nicht ausreichend” which translates or understated performance meaning that one failed.

Now let’s have a brief breakdown of the explanation of these German grades. It will help you to understand the German grading system better.

  • 1.0-1.5_ You have shown excellent performance in your examination. 
  • 1.6-2.0_ You have successfully passed your exams with good grades. However, little improvement would be better.
  • 2.0-2.5_ You have got decent grades in the exams. However further improvement is required.
  • 2.6-3.5_ Your performance was satisfactory and you should work on several areas to improve your score.
  • 3.5-4.0_ Your marks were just sufficient enough that you barely passed the exam.
  • 4.0-5.0_ Unfortunately, you flunked the exam since your performance was insufficient and lies behind the minimum score. Better luck next time.

German grades increase or decrease by every 0.3 marks depending upon variation in performances. This means that if you obtain a score of 2.0 and some increase in performance was recorded then your new score would be 1.7. For further increase, the score would further increase to 1.3. The same trend would be observed for the decrease in scores till you reach 5.0- the failure mark.

This grading system holds sheer importance for anyone who wants to study in Germany. However, this grading scale would be a pretty casual case for people who are permanent residents of Germany. But it is important to know that the German grading system for non-EU students or EU students that reside in European countries other than Germany is the same as that for the permanent residents. Therefore, one needs to understand the German grading scale thoroughly. 

For your convenience and better understanding let’s convert the German grades into the internationally used grading system.

  • 1.0-1.5 equals A+
  • 1.6-2.5 equals A
  • 2.6-3.0 equals B
  • 3.1-4.0 equals C
  • 4.1-5.0 equals D

What is the German Grade Calculator Formula?

However, there are multiple different grading systems used in various German universities. But the most widely used and accepted grading system and the infamous CGPA to German grade calculator is based on modified Bavarian Formula. For converting grades from foreign colleges to the German grading system, the modified Bavarian formula is used.

The Bavarian formula is stated as:

german grade calculator modified bavarian formula for german grading system


x= Your score translated into German grades.

Nmax= The maximum score, GPA, or CGPA that can be obtained in your degree.

Nmin= The minimum score, GPA, or CGPA that can be obtained in your degree so that one can be declared passed.

Nd= The score, GPA, or CGPA that you have obtained.

Grades that Will Help You Enter Top German Universities

Germany is a land of opportunities. Education is almost free there, that is why people from all over the world show utter interest in studying in Germany. To get admission to top colleges and universities in Germany, one would need to have excellent scores since the competition is so high due to greater public and foreign demand. 

The average score that you would require to get admission to a notable institution would be a minimum of 2.5. Above 2.5, you still can try and there are chances that you can still get admission, however, it would not be one of the top institutions. 

Therefore, if you want to secure your chances in the best educational institutions in Germany, it would be better to work harder and try to get a minimum score of at least 2.5. It would not only help you in making sure that you get admission to excellent institutions but with such brilliant marks, you might get a scholarship too.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can you convert German grade to GPA using the German grade calculator?

Yes, you can do it easily using our German GPA calculator.

Is a 2.6 German grade sufficient for doing Master’s degree in Germany?

In Germany, most Master’s programs demand a 2.5 GPA, however, this varies by program. With a 2.6 German GPA, you still can get into the university.

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